Who Are the Sons of Light?

Paul illuminates us to the glory of the sun and the moon being different glories (1 Corinthians 15:41)

Jesus calls his disciples sons of light and Paul repeats it to the assembly:

While you have the light, believe in the light, that you may become sons of light.” When Jesus had said these things, he departed and hid himself from them (John 12:36)

for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness; (1 Thessalonians 5:5 NASB)

In saying, “there is neither male and female” Paul pointed specifically to the corrupt nature of our bodies. The Greek words are arsen and thely, the counterparts to zaqar and neqevah in Hebrew meaning male and female. Those physical aspects, our bodies, are passing away. In the resurrection, we will be raised with incorruptible bodies as sons and daughters. Had Paul said, “there is neither man nor woman” then we would have a serious contradiction to everything else he taught regarding man and woman. The son and daughter are being renewed day by day.

The unfolding of the words of the Law and Prophets (Psalm 119:130), “For since the law has but a shadow of the good things to come instead of the true form of these realities…” Hebrews 10:1. When God made the sun, moon, and stars, he set them in the Heavens “for signs” (Genesis 1:16). The sun, moon, and stars later were used by God in Joseph’s dream to signify his father, mother, and brothers (Genesis 37:9). So consider that the sun itself—the light to rule the Day—is a shadow or type of the Son of Light. Believe in the Light that you may become sons of Light.

for you are all sons of light and sons of day. We are not of night nor of darkness;

1 Thes. 5:5 NASB

This means the sons of light are of the light of Day, the Sun. They will give light to the new Creation.

And God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. (Genesis 1:16)

For the LORD God is a sun and shield (Psalm 84:11)

to him who made the great lights,
for his steadfast love endures forever;
the sun to rule over the day,
for his steadfast love endures forever;
the moon and stars to rule over the night,
for his steadfast love endures forever; (Psalm 136:7-9)

But for you who fear my name, the sun of righteousness shall rise with healing in its wings. You shall go out leaping like calves from the stall. (Malachi 4:2)