Cursed is the geber-man, blessed is the geber-man

What kind of geber are you?

Thus has said the LORD,
Cursed is the geber* who is trusting in Adam
And has set flesh his arm,
And is turning aside his heart from the LORD.
And he HAS BEEN like a stripped bush in the Arabah-desert
And he is not seeing when good is coming in,
But has dwelt in stony wastes in the Wilderness,
An earth of saltiness without inhabitant.



Blessed is the geber* who is trusting in the LORD
And he HAS BEEN the LORD his refuge.
And he HAS BEEN like a tree planted by the water,
he is sending out his roots by a stream
And he is not fearing when the heat is coming;
And he HAS BEEN his leaf green,
And he is not being anxious in a year of drought
And he is not ceasing from making fruit.

Jeremiah 17:5-8 YLT Updated


* Hebrew masculine singular geber.  The NIV, NLT, GNT, CSB, and GOD’S WORD®, all change this word to “person” or “those”.

Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition:

I. גֶּ֫בֶר66 noun masculine man (Late Hebrew id., MI16 גברן (plural), Aramaic גְּבַר, ; Assyrian gabru, rival is Akkadian Loan-word according to Schr JLZ 1874,200 Dl S 120, Sm. Chald. Genesis 286) — Deuteronomy 22:5 39t.; גָּ֑בֶר Job 3:3 13t.; construct גְּבַּר Psalm 18:26 (= 2 Samuel 22:26 גִּבּוֺר but ᵐ5ᵑ6 read גֶּבֶר); plural גְּבָרים Jeremiah 41:16 10t.; — man as strong, distinguished from women, children, and non-combatants whom he is to defend, chiefly poetic Exodus 10:11; Numbers 24:3,15 (E) Exodus 12:37; Joshua 7:14,17,18 (J) Deuteronomy 22:5 (twice in verse); Judges 5:30; 2 Samuel 23:1; 1 Chronicles 23:3; 1 Chronicles 24:4; 1 Chronicles 26:12; Job 3:3 14t. Job; Psalm 18:26 8t. Psalm; Proverbs 6:34 7t. Proverbs; Isaiah 22:17; Jeremiah 17:5 8t. Jeremiah; Lamentations 3:1,27,35,39; Daniel 8:15; Micah 2:2; Habakkuk 2:5; Zechariah 13:7; also 1 Samuel 10:21 ᵐ5 We Dr; = each (of locusts) Joel 2:8, compare אישׁ.

Gesenius’ Hebrew and Chaldee Definition:

גֶּבֶר pl. גְּבָרים m.

(1)  a man, vir, so called from strength, i.q. אִישׁ, a word with few exceptions (Deuteronomy 22:5; 1 Chronicles 24:4, 26:12 compare לִגְבָרִים), found only in poetry; in the Aramean (גְּבַר, ܓܒܰܪ, ܓܰܒܪܐܳ) it is very widely used. Psalms 34:9, אַשְׁרֵי הַגֶּבֶר יֶחֱסֶה־בּוֹ “blessed is the man who trusteth in him;” Psalms 52:9, 94:12, etc.; לִגְבָרִים, לַגְּבָרֻים man by man, Joshua 7:14, 17 Joshua 7:17; 1 Chronicles 23:3. Specially

(a) opp. to a woman, a male, Deuteronomy 22:5; Jeremiah 30:6, 31:22 and even used of male offspring newly born; Job 3:3, “the night which said הֹרָה גֶבֶר a male is conceived;” compare אִישׁ 1, a.

(b) opp. to wife, a husband, Proverbs 6:34. Sometimes

(c) it denotes the strength of a man, Isaiah 23:17, “behold Jehovah will cast thee טַלְטֵלָה גֶּבֶר with the casting of a man,” i.e. with a strong, most violent propulsion; Job 38:3, 40:7 Psalms 88:5 comp. אִישׁ 1, d.

(d) man, homo, opp. to God; compare אִישׁ 1, e, Job 4:17, 10:5 14:10, 14 Job 14:14.

(e) a soldier (compare אִישׁ 1, l), Judges 5:30 compare Jeremiah 41:16, גְּבָרִים אַנְשֵׁי טִלְחָמָה.

(2) i.q. אִישׁ No. 4, every one, each. Joel 2:8, גֶּבֶר בִּמְסִלָּתוֹ יֵלֵכוּן “each one shall go on in his own way.” Lamentations 3:39 (in the second hemistich).

(3) [Geber], pr.n. m. 1 Kings 4:19 comp. 13 1 Kings 4:13.

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions:

2052) rbc (גבר GBR) AC: Prevail CO: Warrior AB: ?: One of great strength (warrior) or authority (master) . [from: rb- great strength]

V) rbc (גבר geber) – Prevail: To be successful in strength or authority. KJV (25): (vf: Paal, Hiphil, Hitpael, Piel) prevail, strengthen, great, confirm, exceed, mighty, put, strong, valiant – Strongs: H1396 (גָּבַר)

Nm) rbc (גבר geber) – Warrior: One of great strength (warrior) or authority (master) . KJV (90): man, mighty, every – Strongs: H1397 (גֶּבֶר), H1399 (גְּבַר), H1400 (גְּבַר)

Nf2) trbc (גברת geberet) – Mistress: KJV (9): mistress, lady – Strongs: H1404 (גְּבֶרֶת)

bm) ribc (גביר gebiyr) – Master: KJV (2): lord – Strongs: H1376 (גְּבִיר)

bf1) eribc (גבירה gebiyrah) – Mistress: KJV (6): queen – Strongs: H1377 (גְּבִירָה)

df1) erfbc (גבורה geborah) – Strength: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (63): might, strength, power, mighty, force, mastery – Strongs: H1369 (גְּבֻרָה), H1370 (גְּבוּרָה)

em) rbic (גיבר gibbar) – Mighty: [Aramaic only] KJV (1): mighty – Strongs: H1401 (גִּבָּר)

ecm) rfbic (גיבור gibbor) – Strong: KJV (158): mighty, strong, valiant, upright, champion, chief, excel, giant – Strongs: H1368 (גִּבֹּר)