I.       Those whom God calls, He also freely justifies[1] by pardoning their sins, and by accounting and accepting them as righteous; not for anything done by them, but for Christ’s sake alone. God imputes the righteousness of Christ to them,[2] and they receive and rest on Him and His righteousness by faith.

II.       Faith is the sole instrument of justification,[3] yet is it not alone in the person justified, but is ever accompanied with all other saving graces, and is not a dead faith, but is made evident through works of love.[4]

III.       Christ, by His obedience and death, did fully pay the debt of all those that are thus justified, and did make a proper, real and full satisfaction to His Father’s justice on their behalf.[5]

IV.       God does continue to forgive the sins of those that are justified;[6] and although they can never fall from the state of justification,[7] they can and will by their sins and sinful nature come under God’s fatherly discipline, and not see the light of His countenance restored unto them, until they humble themselves, confess their sins, beg pardon, and renew their faith and repentance.[8]

V. The justification of believers under the Old Testament was, in all these respects, one and the same with the justification of believers under the New Testament.[9]


[1] ROM 8:30 Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified. ROM 3:24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus.[2] ROM 4:5 And to the one who does not work but believes in him who justifies the ungodly, his faith is counted as righteousness, 6 just as David also speaks of the blessing of the one to whom God counts righteousness apart from works: 7 Saying, “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; 2CO 5:19 that is, in Christ God was reconciling the world to himself, not counting their trespasses against them, and entrusting to us the message of reconciliation. 21 For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. MAT 11:28 Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

[3] JOH 1:12 But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, ROM 3:28 For we hold that one is justified by faith apart from works of the law. ROM 5:1 Therefore, since we have been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ.

[4] JAM 2:17 Even so faith, if it have not works, is dead in itself. 22 You see that faith was working with his works, and as a result of the works, faith was perfected 1 JOH 3:10 By this it is evident who are the children of God, and who are the children of the devil: whoever does not practice righteousness is not of God, nor is the one who does not love his brother. GAL 5:6 For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision counts for anything, but only faith working through love.

[5] ROM 5:8 but God shows his love for us in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Since, therefore, we have now been justified by his blood, much more shall we be saved by him from the wrath of God. 10 For if while we were enemies we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, now that we are reconciled, shall we be saved by his life 1TI 2:5 For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6 who gave himself as a ransom for all, which is the testimony given at the proper time. ISA 53:4 Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows; yet we esteemed him stricken, smitten by God, and afflicted. 5 But he was pierced for our transgressions; he was crushed for our iniquities; upon him was the chastisement that brought us peace, and with his wounds we are healed. 6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the Lord has laid on him the iniquity of us all. 10 Yet it was the will of the Lord to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the Lord shall prosper in his hand. 11 Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. 12 Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors.

[6] MAT 6:12 And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors. 1JO 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin. 9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness. 1JO 2:1 My little children, these things write I unto you, that ye sin not. And if any man sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous: 2 And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

[7] LUK 22:32 But I have prayed for thee, that thy faith fail not: and when thou art converted, strengthen thy brethren. JOH 10:28 And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. HEB 10:14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

[8] PSA 89:30 If his children forsake my law and do not walk according to my rules, 31 if they violate my statutes and do not keep my commandments, 32 then I will punish their transgression with the rod and their iniquity with stripes, 33 but I will not remove from him my steadfast love or be false to my faithfulness. PSA 51:7 Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow. 8 Let me hear joy and gladness; let the bones that you have broken rejoice. 9 Hide your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities. 10 Create in me a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within me. 11 Cast me not away from your presence, and take not your Holy Spirit from me. 12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation, and uphold me with a willing spirit. 1CO 11:30 That is why many of you are weak and ill, and some have died. 32 But when we are judged by the Lord, we are disciplined so that we may not be condemned along with the world. DEUT 8:5 Know then in your heart that, as a man disciplines his son, the LORD your God disciplines you. HEB 12:5 And have you forgotten the exhortation that addresses you as sons? “My son, do not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord, nor be weary when reproved by him. 6 For the Lord disciplines the one he loves, and chastises every son whom he receives.”

[9] GAL 3:9 So then, those who are of faith are blessed along with Abraham, the man of faith. 13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”— so that in Christ Jesus the blessing of Abraham might come to the Gentiles, so that we might receive the promised Spirit through faith. ROM 4:22 That is why his faith was “counted to him as righteousness. 23 But the words “it was counted to him” were not written for his sake alone, 24 but for ours also. It will be counted to us who believe in him who raised from the dead Jesus our Lord HEB 13:8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.