I.       God’s purpose from eternity was and is and will be to save and bring his children to glory.[1] The glorification of his children is based on their justification; their justification is based on their calling; their calling is based on their predestination being chosen in Christ,[2] and their being chosen is based on God’s foreknowledge of all things.[3]

II.       Jesus is God’s first elect.[4] His children are called the Body of Christ,[5] His Congregation,[6] a people belonging to God,[7] and the Bride of Christ.[8]

III.       Godly grief does not occur in children and therefore children and infants, dying in childhood, though born with a sinful nature, are not held accountable for their fallen nature. [9]  The sense of responsibility is a prerequisite for repentance and the godly sorrow which lead to salvation. So also are all other individuals who are incapable of being outwardly called by the ministry of the Word.

IV.       Many are called by the ministry of the Word, but few are chosen.[10] Some will appear to work signs and wonders in the Spirit,[11] yet never truly come unto Christ, and therefore remain under judgement.[12] Others receive and show zeal for the Word but do not let it transform the heart and so fall away under trials.[13]

V.       Of those who have never had any knowledge of the Law or Gospel and therefore of sin, Jesus will judge according to their works by the law written on their hearts.[14] Of those who hear the word of Christ and deny him, Christ will also deny.[15] To those who have knowledge of the Law and rely on it for righteousness, he will judge by the same Law though none will be found blameless.[16]


[1] 1 PET 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.[2] EPH 1:4 even as he chose us in him before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and blameless before him.

[3] ROM 8:29 For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.  30 And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified. PSA 139:1 O Lord, you have searched me and known me! 2 You know when I sit down and when I rise up; you discern my thoughts from afar. 3 You search out my path and my lying down and are acquainted with all my ways. 23 Search me, O God, and know my heart! Try me and know my thoughts! 24 And see if there be any grievous way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting!

[4] MAT 12:18 “Behold, my servant whom I have chosen, my beloved with whom my soul is well pleased. ISA 42:1 Behold my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen, in whom my soul delights; 1 PET 2:4 As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious

[5] EPH 4:12 to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ,

[6] MAT 16:18 to equip the saints for the work of ministry, for building up the body of Christ

[7] 1 PET 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people for his own possession, that you may proclaim the excellencies of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.

[8] REV 19:7 Let us rejoice and exult and give him the glory, for the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his Bride has made herself ready;

[9] LUK 18:15 And they brought unto him also infants, that he would touch them: but when his disciples saw it, they rebuked them. 2 COR 7:10 For godly grief produces a repentance that leads to salvation without regret, whereas worldly grief produces death.

[10] MAT 22:14 For many are called, but few are chosen.

[11] MAT 7:22 On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in your name, and cast out demons in your name, and do many mighty works in your name?’

[12] JOH 6:64 But there are some of you that believe not. For Jesus knew from the beginning who they were that believed not, and who should betray him. 65 And he said, Therefore said I unto you, that no man can come unto me, except it were given unto him of my Father. 66 From that time many of his disciples went back, and walked no more with him. 8:24 I said therefore unto you, that ye shall die in your sins: for if ye believe not that I am he, ye shall die in your sins.

[13] MAT 13:20 As for what was sown on rocky ground, this is the one who hears the word and immediately receives it with joy, 21 yet he has no root in himself, but endures for a while, and when tribulation or persecution arises on account of the word, immediately he falls away.

[14] ROM 2:6 He will render to each one according to his works: 7 to those who by patience in well-doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, he will give eternal life; 8 but for those who are self-seeking and do not obey the truth, but obey unrighteousness, there will be wrath and fury. 9 There will be tribulation and distress for every human being who does evil, the Jew first and also the Greek, 10 but glory and honor and peace for everyone who does good, the Jew first and also the Greek. 11 For God shows no partiality. 2:14 For when Gentiles, who do not have the law, by nature do what the law requires, they are a law to themselves, even though they do not have the law. 15 They show that the work of the law is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness, and their conflicting thoughts accuse or even excuse them 16 on that day when, according to my gospel, God judges the secrets of men by Christ Jesus.

[15] 2 TIM 2:12 if we endure, we will also reign with him; if we deny him, he also will deny us; 13 if we are faithless, he remains faithful— for he cannot deny himself. 1CO 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha.

[16] ROM 3:20 For by works of the law no human being will be justified in his sight, since through the law comes knowledge of sin.