I.     The Word is light and God looks to and favors him who humbly holds his Word as preeminent and authoritative over his life.[1]

II.     Though the light of nature and the works of creation and providence do so far manifest the goodness, wisdom, and power of God, so as to leave men without excuse; [2] they are not sufficient in themselves to provide the knowledge of God and His will which are necessary for salvation.[3] Therefore it pleased the Lord at different times and in different ways to reveal Himself and to declare His will to His Church through fathers;[4] and afterwards for the better preserving and propagating of the truth and for the more sure establishment and comfort of the Church against the corruption of the flesh, and the malice of Satan and of the world, to commit the knowledge wholly to writing.[5] which makes the Bible to be most necessary;[6] those former ways of God’s revealing His will to His people being now fulfilled in his Son, with any prophetic utterances, whether by prayer, teaching, or song, being wholly subject to that which is revealed in His Word.[7]

III.     Under the name of The Bible, the Holy Scripture, or the Word of God written, are now contained all the books of the Old and New Testament, which are these:

The Old Testament
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Joshua
Judges

Ruth
I Samuel
II Samuel
I Kings
II Kings
I Chronicles
II Chronicles
Ezra
Nehemiah
Esther
Job

Psalms
Proverbs
Ecclesiastes
The Song of Songs
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea

Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi

The New Testament
Matthew
Mark
Luke
John
Acts
Romans
Corinthians I
Corinthians II
Galatians
Ephesians
Philippians
Colossians

Thessalonians I
Thessalonians II
Timothy I
Timothy II
Titus
Philemon
Hebrews
James
Peter I
Peter II
John I
John II
John III
Jude
The Revelation

All are given by inspiration of God to be the rule of faith and life.[8]

IV.     The authority of the Bible, for which it ought to be believed, and obeyed, depends not upon the testimony of any man, or Church; but wholly upon God (who is truth himself) the author thereof: and therefore it is to be received, because it is the Word of God.[9]

V.     We may be moved and induced by the testimony of the Church to a high and reverent esteem of the Bible.[10] That it is the Word of God is abundantly evident the otherworldliness of its themes, the efficacy of it doctrines, the majesty of its style, the consistency of all its parts, the scope of the whole (which is, to give all glory to God), the full revelation it makes of the only way of man’s salvation, the many other incomparable glories, and the entire perfection thereof. Nonetheless, our full persuasion and assurance of the infallible truth and divine authority thereof is from the inward work of the Holy Spirit bearing witness by and with the Word implanted into our hearts.[11]

VI.     The whole counsel of God concerning all things necessary for His own glory, man’s salvation, faith and life, is either expressly set down in Scripture, or by good and necessary consequence may be deduced from Scripture: unto which nothing at any time is to be added, whether by new revelations of the Spirit, or traditions of men.[12] Nevertheless, we acknowledge the inward illumination of the Spirit of God to be necessary for the understanding of the things that are revealed in the Word:[13] and that there are some circumstances concerning the worship of God and government of the Church, common to human actions and societies, which are to be ordered by the light of nature and Christian prudence, according to the general rules of the Word which are always to be observed.[14]

VII.      The Old Testament in Hebrew and the New Testament in Greek are God-breathed (theópneustos) and proves itself perfect, flawless, and alive and by His singular care and providence, kept pure in all ages;[15] so as in all disputes of doctrine and practice the Church is finally to appeal unto them.[16] Nevertheless, because these original tongues are not known to all the people of God who have right to and interest in the Scriptures and are commanded in the fear of God to read and search them,[17] the Scriptures are to be faithfully translated into the common language of every nation to which they are delivered,[18] that, the Word of God dwelling plentifully in all, they may worship Him in an acceptable manner;[19] and, through patience and comfort of the Scriptures, may have hope.[20]

VIII.     The infallible rule of interpretation of Scripture is the Scripture itself: and therefore, when there is a question about the true and full sense of any Scripture (which is not manifold, but one), it must be searched and known by other places that speak more clearly.[21]

IX.     The supreme judge by which all controversies of faith are to be determined, and all decrees of councils, opinions of ancient writers, doctrines of men, and private spirits, are to be examined, and in whose sentence we are to rest, can be no other but the Holy Spirit speaking in the Scripture.[22]

 

 


[1] PSA 119:105 Your word is a lamp to my feet and a light to my path. PRO 6:23 For the commandment is a lamp and the teaching a light, and the reproofs of discipline are the way of life 2PET 1:19 We also have the message of the prophets, which has been confirmed beyond doubt. And you will do well to pay attention to this message, as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. ISA 66:2 All these things my hand has made, and so all these things came to be, declares the LORD. But this is the one to whom I will look: he who is humble and contrite in spirit and trembles at my word. JOH 8:31 So Jesus said to the Jews who had believed him, “If you abide in my word, you are truly my disciples

[2] ROM 2:14 LITV For when nations not having Law do by nature the things of the Law, they not having Law are a law to themselves, 15 who show the work of the Law written in their hearts, their conscience witnessing with them, and the thoughts between one another accusing or even excusing, ROM 1:19 ESV For what can be known about God is plain to them, because God has shown it to them. 20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse. PSA 19:1 NASB The heavens are telling of the glory of God; And their expanse is declaring the work of His hands. 2 Day to day pours forth speech, And night to night reveals knowledge. 3 There is no speech, nor are there words; Their voice is not heard. ROM 1:32 although they know the ordinance of God, that those who practice such things are worthy of death, they not only do the same, but also give hearty approval to those who practice them. ROM 2:1 ESV Therefore you have no excuse, O man, every one of you who judges. For in passing judgment on another you condemn yourself, because you, the judge, practice the very same things.

[3] 1CO 1:21 ESV For since, in the wisdom of God, the world did not know God through wisdom, it pleased God through the folly of what we preach to save those who believe. 2:13 And we impart this in words not taught by human wisdom but taught by the Spirit, interpreting spiritual truths to those who are spiritual. 14 The natural person does not accept the things of the Spirit of God, for they are folly to him, and he is not able to understand them because they are spiritually discerned.

[4] HEB 1:1 ESV Long ago, at many times and in many ways, God spoke to our fathers by the prophets. ISA 38:19 NASB It is the living who give thanks to You, as I do today; A father tells his sons about Your faithfulness. PSA 78:5 He established a testimony in Jacob and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers to teach to their children

[5] PRO 22:19 NASB So that your trust may be in the LORD, I have taught you today, even you. 20  Have I not written to you excellent things Of counsels and knowledge, 21 To make you know the certainty of the words of truth That you may correctly answer him who sent you? LUK 1:3 it seemed fitting for me as well, having investigated everything carefully from the beginning, to write it out for you in consecutive order, most excellent Theophilus; 4 so that you may know the exact truth about the things you have been taught. ROM 15:4 For whatever was written in earlier times was written for our instruction, so that through perseverance and the encouragement of the Scriptures we might have hope. MAT 4:4 But He answered and said, “It is written, ‘MAN SHALL NOT LIVE ON BREAD ALONE, BUT ON EVERY WORD THAT PROCEEDS OUT OF THE MOUTH OF GOD.'” 7 Jesus said to him, “Again it has been written: ‘You shall not test the Lord your God.'” 10 Then Jesus said to him, “Go, Satan! For it is written, ‘YOU SHALL WORSHIP THE LORD YOUR GOD, AND SERVE HIM ONLY.'” ISA 8:19 When they say to you, “Consult the mediums and the spiritists who whisper and mutter,” should not a people consult their God? Should they consult the dead on behalf of the living? 20 To the law and to the testimony! If they do not speak according to this word, it is because they have no dawn.

[6] 2TI 3:15 and that from childhood you have known the sacred writings which are able to give you the wisdom that leads to salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 2PE 1:19 So we have the prophetic word made more sure, to which you do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star arises in your hearts.

[7] 2COR 10:5 take captive every thought into the obedience of Christ. 1COR 14:1 Follow the way of love and eagerly desire gifts of the Spirit, especially prophecy. 3 the one who prophesies speaks to people for their strengthening, encouraging and comfort. 24 if an unbeliever or an inquirer comes in while everyone is prophesying, they are convicted of sin and are brought under judgment by all, 25 as the secrets of their hearts are laid bare. So they will fall down and worship God, exclaiming, “God is really among you!” JOH 15:7 If you abide in me, and my words abide in you, ask whatever you wish, and it will be done for you.

[8] LUK 16:29 But Abraham said, ‘They have Moses and the Prophets; let them hear them.’ 30 And he said, ‘No, father Abraham, but if someone goes to them from the dead, they will repent.’ 31 He said to him, ‘If they do not hear Moses and the Prophets, neither will they be convinced if someone should rise from the dead.’” EPH 2:19 You are members of God’s Household, built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the cornerstone. REV 22:18 I warn everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: if anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, 19 and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book. 2TI 3:16 All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness

[9] 2PE 1:19 And we have the prophetic word more fully confirmed, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, 21 knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. 2TI 3:16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness. 1JO 5:9 If we receive the testimony of men, the testimony of God is greater, for this is the testimony of God that he has borne concerning his Son. 1 TH 2:13 And we also thank God constantly for this, that when you received the word of God, which you heard from us, you accepted it not as the word of men but as what it really is, the word of God, which is at work in you believers.

[10] 1TI 3:15 But if I tarry long, that thou mayest know how thou oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.

[11] JAM 1:21 NASB in humility receive the word implanted, which is able to save your souls. 1 JO 2:20 ESV But you have been anointed by the Holy One, and you all have knowledge. 27 But the anointing that you received from him abides in you, and you have no need that anyone should teach you. But as his anointing teaches you about everything, and is true, and is no lie—just as it has taught you, abide in him. JOH 16:13 When the Spirit of truth comes, he will guide you into all the truth, for he will not speak on his own authority, but whatever he hears he will speak, and he will declare to you the things that are to come. 14 He will glorify me, for he will take what is mine and declare it to you. 1CO 2:10 these things God has revealed to us through the Spirit. For the Spirit searches everything, even the depths of God. 11 For who knows a person’s thoughts except the spirit of that person, which is in him? So also no one comprehends the thoughts of God except the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received not the spirit of the world, but the Spirit who is from God, that we might understand the things freely given us by God. ISA 59:21 “And as for me, this is my covenant with them,” says the LORD: “My Spirit that is upon you, and my words that I have put in your mouth, shall not depart out of your mouth, or out of the mouth of your offspring, or out of the mouth of your children’s offspring,” says the LORD, “from this time forth and forevermore.”

[12] 2TI 3:15 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. 16 All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: 17 That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. GAL 1:8 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed. 9 As we said before, so say I now again, if any man preach any other gospel unto you than that ye have received, let him be accursed. 2TH 2:2 That ye be not soon shaken in mind, or be troubled, neither by spirit, nor by word, nor by letter as from us, as that the day of Christ is at hand.

[13] JOH 6:45 It is written in the prophets, And they shall be all taught of God. Every man therefore that hath heard, and hath learned of the Father, cometh unto me. 1CO 2:9 But as it is written, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him. 10 But God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit: for the Spirit searcheth all things, yea, the deep things of God. 11 For what man knoweth the things of a man, save the spirit of man which is in him? even so the things of God knoweth no man, but the Spirit of God. 12 Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.

[14] 1CO 11:13 Judge in yourselves: is it comely that a woman pray unto God uncovered? 14 Doth not even nature itself teach you, that, if a man have long hair, it is a shame unto him? 14:26 How is it then, brethren? when ye come together, every one of you hath a psalm, hath a doctrine, hath a tongue, hath a revelation, hath an interpretation. Let all things be done unto edifying. 40 Let all things be done decently and in order.

[15] MAT 5:18 For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. 2 TIM 3:16 BSB All Scripture is God-breathed and is useful for instruction, for conviction, for correction, and for training in righteousness PSA 18:30 As for God, His way is blameless; The word of the LORD is tried PRO 30:5 Every word of God is tested; HEB 4:12 For the word of God is living and active and sharper than any two-edged sword

[16] ISA 8:20 To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them. ACT 15:15 And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written. JOH 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me. 46 For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me.

[17] JOH 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

[18] 1CO 14:6 Now, brethren, if I come undo you speaking with tongues, what shall I profit you, except I shall speak to you either by revelation, or by knowledge, of by prophesying, or by doctrine? 9 So likewise ye, except ye utter by the tongue words easy to be understood, how shall it be known what is spoken? for ye shall speak into the air. 11 Therefore if I know not the meaning of the voice, I shall be unto him that speaketh a barbarian, and he that speaketh shall be a barbarian unto me. 12 Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church. 24 But if all prophesy, and there come in one that believeth not, or one unlearned, he is convinced of all, he is judged of all: 27 If any man speak in an unknown tongue, let it be by two, or at the most three, and that by course; and let one interpret. 28 But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church; and let him speak to himself, and to God.

[19] COL 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, singing with grace in your hearts to the Lord.

[20] ROM 15:4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime, were written for our learning; that we, through patience and comfort of the scriptures, might have hope.

[21] 2PE 1:20 knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. 21 For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit. GEN 40:8 They said to him, “We have had dreams, and there is no one to interpret them.” And Joseph said to them, “Do not interpretations belong to God? Please tell them to me.”.

[22] MAT 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not knowing the scriptures, nor the power of God. 31 But as touching the resurrection of the dead, have ye not read that which was spoken unto you by God, saying. EPH 2:20 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner-stone. ACT 28:25 And when they agreed not among themselves, they departed, after that Paul had spoken one word, Well spake the Holy Ghost by Esaias the prophet unto our fathers.