To Build a Christian Nation – George Washington’s Thanksgiving Day Proclamation

George Washington’s Proclamation of giving thanks to God

To Build a Christian Nation is a series of posts in which I will be researching history with the intent of illustrating the words and attitudes of those who tilled the soil and planted the seeds of the United States of America. To know what a religion, ideology, nation, household, tribe, or kingdom is really about, you go to the leaders who started it. It’s that simple. The founders and framers created in deed but also in name the United States of America. We still bear that same name. The day that we cease to be what the Founders put down in writing is the day that we cease to be that United States of America. Today’s “progressivism” which has been fueled by Marxist ideology and the infamous Frankfurt School and its Critical Theory which sprung up in America in 1934 is an attempt to overthrow the Founder’s United States of America with the notion that truth is created in the mind and scientific verification has no bearing on it. Therefore, “question everything.”

And so America is under attack like never before. This is what has spawned hyper-extroverted conservative figures like Alex Jones and other conservative movements and made them so popular. It is why you so often hear from the right, that “America is under attack” or “they want to destroy America”. It initially sounds like a knee-jerk reaction but the reality is, it is actually quit true. I think it should be evident by now.


For the inaugural post in this series we start with George Washington’s Thanksgiving Day Proclamation. George Washington…that guy on the face of every single dollar bill. He was a wise sage of a man as well as a general who was highly respected by his military men. Yes, he’s on our side. Notice that Congress had asked him to do this. What does that tell you about the Congress at that time?

Whereas it is the duty of all nations to acknowledge the providence of Almighty God, to obey His will, to be grateful for His benefits, and humbly to implore His protection and favor; and — whereas both Houses of Congress have, by their joint committee, requested me “to recommend to the people of the United States a day of public thanksgiving and prayer, to be observed by acknowledging with grateful hearts the many and signal favors of Almighty God, especially by affording them an opportunity peaceably to establish a form of government for their safety and happiness”:

Now, therefore, I do recommend and assign Thursday, the 26th day of November next, to be devoted by the people of these States to the service of that great and glorious Being who is the beneficent author of all the good that was, that is, or that will be; that we may then all unite in rendering unto Him our sincere and humble thanks for His kind care and protection of the people of this country previous to their becoming a nation; for the signal and manifold mercies and the favor, able interpositions of His providence in the course and conclusion of the late war; for the great degree of tranquillity, union, and plenty which we have since enjoyed; for the peaceable and rational manner in which we have been enabled to establish constitutions of government for our safety and happiness, and particularly the national one now lately instituted; for the civil and religious liberty with which we are blessed, and the means we have of acquiring and diffusing useful knowledge; and, in general, for all the great and various favors which He has been pleased to confer upon us.

And also that we may then unite in most humbly offering our prayers and supplications to the great Lord and Ruler of Nations, and beseech Him to pardon our national and other trangressions; to enable us all, whether in public or private stations, to perform our several and relative duties properly and punctually; to render our National Government a blessing to all the people by constantly being a Government of wise, just, and constitutional laws, discreetly and faithfully executed and obeyed; to protect and guide all sovereigns and nations (especially such as have shown kindness to us), and to bless them with good governments, peace, and concord; to promote the knowledge and practice of true religion and virtue, and the increase of science among them and us; and, generally, to grant unto all mankind such a degree of temporal prosperity as He alone knows to be best.

Given under my hand at the City of New York the third day of October in the year of our Lord 1789.

Go. Washington

Jordan to cancel ‘marry the victim’ clause shielding rapists

Laws are prevalent in Middle Eastern countries that allow rapists to marry the victim to avoid punishment.  These are due to Islamic ideology which casts shame on rape victims who can even be killed by their own families to protect ‘family honor’. Ideology can be deadly, especially to women. Why does feminism want to be inclusive of this ideology then? Why are many Western women converting to Islam? The only way all these confusing and conflicting ideologies and paradigms start to make sense is when you realize that the world is one and under one, singular influence or deception. The Bible calls it (him) the God of this World. (2 Corinthians 4:4)

By saying, “god of this world”, the notion of a singular power and influence is inferred. There is actually a unity or oneness between evil ideologies like Marxism, Mohammedanism, and feminism even when it seems like these ideologies would clash. But famous figures, political leaders, and news outlets are showing us that people can actually be all these things at once. What that tells you is that it’s not about the ideologies at all. It’s just simple blindness as 2 Cor. 4:4 says.

These laws exist in Tunisia, Lebanon, Syria, Libya, Kuwait, Iraq, Bahrain, Algeria and the Palestinian territories.

Don’t you just want to live in one of these countries?

Source: Jordan to cancel ‘marry the victim’ clause shielding rapists

”Many Swedish Women Are Afraid To Go Out”

This news reporting illustrates the by-product of feminism and its oppression of women. Sweden, as many may know, is heralded as the “success story” of feminism reshaping a country.

Now in Sweden, the women are suffering more than ever. This is a reality that has been happening all over Europe for a long time. Having lived in Germany and Switzerland in the past and having had a girlfriend from Belgium who was molested in broad daylight at a public water park by a group Muslim boys (who were doing it to numerous other girls), I can attest to all this crazy shenanigan happening to Europe.

The World-Wide Beard Renaissance

I’ve been trying to track down the point in time at which this interesting, world-wide, beard revival began. It looks like somewhere around 2010 is when it really began as a trend. Within the last 3 or 4 years however, companies like Beardbrand (2012), Texas Beard Company (2014), Dollar Beard Club (2015) began to spring up to capitalize on this (when $$$ is to be made then you know it’s for real). The company Beards are Sexy, launched in 2015, is really going the distance with this trend with the slogan, “A man doesn’t grow a beard, the beard grows the man.” Countless other companies selling beard products have sprung up all over the place.

All of these started within the last few years and all of them play off of some form of masculinism, machismo, manliness scheme. That or axes. (what’s the deal with all the axes?)

Numerous beard channels on Youtube in the same vein as girl’s make-up channels have popped up in recent times. The Beardology beard grooming channel began just in Oct. of 2016 and already has had over 380,000 views.

For the past four or five years there has been an East Coast and West Coast Beard and Mustache Championship. Apparently Beard clubs and championships have been around for a while, if not in internet form, according to the World Beard Championships website. They made their first appearance in the US back in 2003.

Other videos that have come out in the last year or so have gotten millions of views like this, or this, or this, or this.

Doctors have reported a growing interest in beard transplants since 2014.

There are Pinterest boards on beards: Beard style on Pinterest

I think there is much that could be said about the larger culture wars and gender dysphoria these days and that men everywhere are ready to draw the line. Even if it is excessive and superficial. Will this be the decade of separating the boys from men?

Or will it prove to be just another fashion fed by marketing gimmicks to lead lost souls further and further into a cultural abyss….


Source: The 21 Theses Of Alt Christianity – Return Of Kings

I was just reading over at something that seems to have the ring of a ‘manifesto’ for Christian men in the Church. (Note: publishes articles from all sorts of writers, but is not a Christian website.) It was written up about a month ago. Some of the tenets I could get behind, but the movement reminds me too much of ‘Christian nationalism’ which seems to make the Gospel more about fighting for a ‘Christian state’ complete with a ‘Christian law’ than about people’s salvation.  In fact, the thesis #8 and #9 say so:

8. Given the above, Alt-Christianity wishes to see traditional Western Civilization maintained, and is thus open to whatever political system shows itself best suited to the maintenance of that civilization. At the same time, Alt-Christianity realizes that civilizations and nations are maintained by people, and that not all people are created equal. As such, Alt-Christianity supports the implementation of whatever specific political and cultural practices are best suited to allow a particular people to maintain traditional Western Civilization. Simultaneously, Alt-Christianity supports restricting whatever specific political and cultural practices undermine a particular people’s ability to maintain traditional Western Civilization.

9. Alt-Christianity is nationalistic.

Still, I fully support fighting for a Christian habitation–be it a kingdom, empire, or modern day state–and I think there is some nobility in this proposition. Ultimately, Christian community is what Christians are supposed to already be fighting for daily. If they weren’t sleeping around or being so stinking passive we’d be quite a powerful bunch. The catch is of course, the New Testament teaches the greatest weapon we have in these times is our voice (also represented as vote).

The weapons of our warfare are not the weapons of the world. Instead, they have divine power to demolish strongholds. We tear down arguments, and every presumption set up against the knowledge of God; and we take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ. (Berean Study Bible, 2 Cor. 10:4, emp. add.)

Our fight is sharply focused on the world of the mind and the mind of the world. Bills, legislation, and policies are all within the domain of thought before anything. If over 70% of the USA really is Christian, what if that 70% united and raised their voice with the vote for policies after Christian values?

The Apostle Paul was a fighter on the inside as well as the outside. In the very next verse (v.6) he writes, “And we will be ready to punish every act of disobedience, as soon as your obedience is complete.” This is an accurate translation. Some translations put it, avenge. That is a far cry from passivity and cowardliness if you ask me. It’s interesting to me when I come across bold individuals willing to throw people out of a congregation for sinister talk and people question him as if he wasn’t being like Christ. Yet Christ himself threatens to punish several of his churches in Revelation.

Behold, I will throw her onto a sickbed, and those who commit adultery with her I will throw into great tribulation, unless they repent of her works, and I will strike her children dead. And all the churches will know that I am he who searches mind and heart, and I will give to each of you according to your works. Rev. 2:23

Those are indeed red letter words—straight out of the mouth of Jesus. Gentle Jesus, yep.

(“Children” in this verse represents those who take after the adulteress, not to be confused with kids.)

There have been a lot of Christian-states in the past. By definition, statehood means you have your own sovereignty, army, law, and economy, among other things. Yes kids, America was such a thing, once.  I do not believe civilizations are “maintained by people” but rather that God has obligated himself to people in a way that they may fulfill their obligations to him. A cooperation, if you will. Two greater powers are at work in the world:  Satan’s control (1 Jo. 5:19), and the authority (exousia) of Jesus who “has all authority [exousia] on earth”. (Matt. 28:18)

Still, ever since the very first Christian-state under Constantinople, Christian-states have always been awkward. And for good reason—you are trying to combine or synchronize a fleshly-state with a heavenly-state. Invariably, they will be at odds with each other, and there is no way around it. I may vote or fight one way, you may vote or fight another way. Whatever efforts and power you and I might have to achieve our own ends, the deeper hidden reality is that God decides the winner. In the end a place like the United States of America with its unmistakably rich Christian foundation is only a temporary abode for the purpose of a grander mission. We here to fight for the good of humanity not for the perfection of an earthly state.

The Reformers Teach Us How to Stand up Against Islam

At a house I once lived at we invited a Muslim from Libya to live with us. He was an exchange student studying here to become a doctor. He lived with us as a roommate for six months. We did this because we were Christians. Muslims would never do anything like this. Jesus’ command to love your enemies (Matt. 5:44) , is not found in the Qur’an.

We made an impact on him. Much can be said about reaching out to Muslim immigrants or students before allowing them to retreat into their own Islamic social circles to develop negative perceptions of the West. Christians are ambassadors and diplomats first, moving into foreign territories to spread the knowledge of Christ’s Kingdom (cf. 2 Cor. 5:20), and in those rare opportunities hosts of foreigners and sojourners second.

“Do not oppress the widow, the fatherless, the sojourner…” – God in Zech. 7:10

These teachings are based on wisdom, welfare, and love for neighbor, and not meant to be hard-coded rules no matter what.

Jesus said, “do not resist an evil person when he slaps you on the cheek.” (Matt. 5:39) This was not a teaching for men to be effeminate. It was a teaching meant to show the evil person how strong you are without hitting back. R.C. Sproul comments on this verse, “To the best of our knowledge of the Hebrew language, that expression is a Jewish idiom that describes an insult, similar to the way challenges to duels in the days of King Arthur were made by a backhand slap to the right cheek of your opponent.” Notice also how Jesus continues to fight with his mouth in boldness when he was literally slapped on the cheek in John 18:22-23.

It was all about revealing the character of boldness that could not otherwise be seen. Righteous character gets blindingly bright in heated, violent duos when one person remains steadfast and strong and yet does not hit back. If Jesus was teaching his disciples to run, cower, or turn the other cheek because they were supposed to show themselves as inferior imbeciles, then we’re all screwed.

When it comes to war, the rule is wisdom and discernment. The wisest have told us, there is a time for war. (Ecc. 3:8)
There is a time for pacifism and a time for collective resistance. If not, Islam would have taken over Europe during the Crusades (which, by the way, were at least partly a defense.)

Islam is not a religion, but a complete empire with a mission of world dominance. Religion is only part of Islam. You cannot be ignorant of this fact and understand how the Reformers were so bold and manly in their confrontation of the mission of “Mohametan”…

The two great works of the devil which he…wrought against the Kingdom of Christ are…his Anti-Christian [Romish/Papal] and Mohametan [Islamic] kingdoms…which have been, and still are, two kingdoms of great extent and strength. Both together swallow…up the Ancient Roman Empire; the kingdom of Antichrist swallowing up the Western Empire, and Satan’s Mohamentan kingdom the Eastern Empire…In the Book of Revelation (ch. 16-20)…it is in the destruction of these that the glorious victory of Christ at the introduction of the glorious times of the Church, will mainly consist.  – Jonathan Edwards, A History of the Work of Redemption

The sect of Mohammad was like a raging overflow, which in its violence tore away about half of the church. – John Calvin, comments on 2 Thessalonians 2:3-12

It is a good while ago since Mahomet gave them the cup of his devilish dreams to drink, and they got drunk with them. It is about a thousand years since those cursed hellhounds were made drunk with their follies…Let us be wise and discreet!….For otherwise we shall be like the Turks and Heathen! – John Calvin, Sermons on Timothy and Titus

…two regimes, that of the Pope and that of the Turk (Islam), are…antichrist. – Martin Luther, commentary on Daniel 8:23-25

Luther was no pacifist, but he advocated for walking wisely and humbly. One of his articles against the Catholic Church’s desire to wage war with the Ottoman Turks/Mohametans was explained thus:

This article does not mean that we are not to fight against the Turk, as that holy manufacturer of heresies, the pope, charges. It means, rather that we should first mend our ways and cause God to be gracious to us … God does not demand crusades, indulgences, and wars. He wants us to live good lives. But the pope and his followers run from goodness faster than from anything else, yet he wants to devour the Turks. – Martin Luther, Defense and Explanation of All the Articles (1521), LW 32:89–91; WA 7:443.

Ahhhh those haters. The sexist, misogynist, Islamophobes, those Reformers.

The boldness evident in the words of these Reformers is precisely what gave birth to the Protestant Reformation. Revolutions don’t happen with kind, endearing words. They just don’t. In Luther’s mind goodness always has a patience and forbearance to it. Goodness is the priority of the heart, fighting is a last-ditch effort to defend your loved ones which, when done in wisdom, can actually serve to show a witness unlike any other. That someone would be willing to risk their lives and fight for me and my welfare is a monumental testament to whatever it is they believe in and I’m going to have tremendous respect for that belief if I don’t convert to it myself. Conversely, if someone stands by and risks nothing for me while I’m being attacked I will be highly unlikely to give a rip about whatever they believe in. Christianity is a war mission fighting on behalf of the people of the world on a spiritual level–mind, heart, and soul. The weapons of our warfare are not carnal… 2 Cor. 10:4. Our physical bodies are not as valuable as the mind, heart, and soul. But they are still valuable and worth fighting for.

…let the one who has no sword sell his cloak and buy one. – Jesus, Luke 22:36


Edmund Burke “The age of chivalry is gone.” 1793

Edmund Burke’s famous words are widely understood as marking the end of an era of honor and nobility and the beginning of an era of passivity and deference. The timing of these words with the Industrial Revolution I don’t think is coincidental.

I thought ten thousand swords must have leaped from their scabbards to avenge even a look that threatened her [Marie Antoinette, the French Queen] with insult. But the age of chivalry is gone. That of sophisters, economists, and calculators, has succeeded; and the glory of Europe is extinguished for ever. Never, never more shall we behold the generous loyalty to rank and sex, that proud submission, that dignified obedience, that subordination of the heart, which kept alive, even in servitude itself, the spirit of an exalted freedom.

Reflections on the French Revolution

This was written in 1793 on the heels of the French Revolution. The Industrial Revolution was from 1760-1840. Historians are always debating the causes of the French Revolution. But however complex they may be there can be no doubt that the Industrial Revolution played a very big role—when men became “sophisters, economists, and calculators”.

Chivalry itself is not dead of course, evidenced by the fact that this same quote is still being repeated today.

5 Reasons Why I Quit Facebook

1. Facebook has become captive to leftist agendas. Yes it’s true, the company is biased and the platform is biased. This reason is enough alone. Have a look at this video: . The internet powers have grown to the point where they realize, or at least think, that they can influence the direction of society (a.k.a. social engineering) and cultivate a connected world.  It’s almost inevitable. If you had control of the profiles of more than one billion people on the planet, would you not be at least a little bit inclined to want to influence the world in some way? Of course you would. Humans, by nature, are creatures of incredible bias. That bias is either a good bias or a twisted bias. If there is one thing that facebook has proven to the world, it is that everyone is biased.

2. The great irony is, the more “connected” we have become the more divided we have become. Interesting. I first started using the platform sometime around 2007 when it had only 15 million people and most were students because it was previously designed for the collegiate universe. Since then it has turned into what they rightly call an “echo chamber” where people have fallen into an isolated social hole because they have allowed their connection with the outside world to come primarily through it or hinge on their own circle of “friends”. You have the ability to block those who you don’t want to hear at the push of a button.

3. It is the most coward-cultivating invention in the history of the world to date. Mark Zuckerberg did an impressive thing in his own right. But so did Oppenheimer and his team in developing the atomic bomb. Two arbitrary things that are totally meaningless and useless in themselves until the most important (and most deadly) ingredient is added—human decision. Human decision here is worse than the uranium 235 atoms being split. Far worse. For the first time in history people can attack others without recourse. They can spit out their worst, most vitriolic words and no one can touch them. And so they do. And why not, they are protected by distance, and lots of it. Cowards love distance, and it’s only when they are far enough away that they will speak up about anything. The Bible says that “as iron sharpens iron, so one man’s face sharpens another man’s face.” (Prov. 27:17) That sharpening won’t happen unless you actually see their face and you’re right up in it. Forget facebook to facebook contact, we need face to face contact! Consider how Jesus spoke to the people when the writers say, “But he looked directly at them and said…” (Luk. 20:17) Direct and straight looks are the best way to sharpen another man because it communicates authority and strength. This unmerited power of voice has corrupted the platform and turned it into a cesspool.

4. Because just about everyone is on it, Facebook is the most power of voice that most individuals will ever have in their lives. It’s like having your own congregation and followers—or so you think. The problem is that they aren’t followers and they don’t want to listen to you rant or preach. Followers are earned through courage and real face to face contact. One thinks they gain a “follower” with a new connection when they reality is the other party thinks just the same.

5. Your family doesn’t belong on the internet. Stop sharing it with the public. Let them be for yourself, and not for strangers.

Jordan Peterson on Marriage, the Logos, and Trust

Jordan Peterson is a brilliant Canadian professor who has gained significant fame through Youtube in the last year, mainly because of his logically superior arguments and fresh conservative takes on a lot of heated issues in our time. Because he has proven himself so well and so thoroughly, people are now questioning him on a much more basic level like he’s a life coach or guru. And he may very well be. His understanding of Christian marriage even sounds superior to what most Christians seem to understand of it.

“What’s my advice to a young man seeking marriage and a family? Well, marry someone you think would be a good mother and has enough sense, generally speaking, to know that she wants children.”

ἀνδρίζεσθαι, Man up!

Man up!

Be watchful, stand firm in the faith, act like men [andrizesthe], be strong. 1 Cor. 16:13

I gathered all the etymology and commentaries that I could find on the word behind “act like men” in Paul’s letter, andrizesthe. The Greek word andrizesthe is a verb and only one word. This is the only place it is found in the NT. Barnes’ Notes provides one of the best commentaries on this verse. In all the commentaries the key words that come up the most frequently are:

  1. Cowardliness
  2. Unstable
  3. Weak willed/childish
  4. Effeminate
  5. Bravery
  6. Firm
  7. Fight/Contend

Our closest representation of this word in English would simply be, “MAN UP”.  All the most relevant aspects of this real biblical word I’ve highlighted in red.

Ellicott’s Commentary for English Readers

(13, 14) Watch ye, stand fast.—These words of stirring exhortation come in here somewhat abruptly. It is possible that they conclude the epistle so far—the Apostle intending to add immediately before sending it, the verses which follow, and which contain messages from, or commendations of their friends who were with him. Living in a profound consciousness of the uncertainty of life, St. Paul might wish not to have such references to friends with him added until the last moment along with his own autograph (see 1 Corinthians 16:21). The Apostle’s mind is full of the hope of beneficial results following from this letter and from the exertions of Titus; yet, after all, everything depends upon the Corinthians themselves. Chrysostom’s Note on these words brings out their meaning well. “Now in saying these things, he seems indeed to advise; but he is reprimanding them as indolent. Wherefore he saith, Watch, as though they slept; stand, as though they were rocking to and fro; quit you like men, as though they were playing the coward; let all your things be done with charity, as though they were in dissensions. And the first caution refers to the deceivers, viz., Watch, stand; the next to those who plot against us, quit you like men; the third to those who make parties and endeavour to distract, let all your things be done with charity, which thing is the bond of perfection, and the root and the fountain of all blessings.”

MacLaren’s Expositions


1 Corinthians 16:131 Corinthians 16:14.

There is a singular contrast between the first four of these exhortations and the last. The former ring sharp and short like pistol-shots; the last is of gentler mould. The former sound like the word of command shouted from an officer along the ranks; and there is a military metaphor running all through them. The foe threatens to advance; let the guards keep their eyes open. He comes nearer; prepare for the charge, stand firm in your ranks. The battle is joined; ‘quit you like men’-strike a man’s stroke-’be strong.’

And then all the apparatus of warfare is put away out of sight, and the captain’s word of command is softened into the Christian teacher’s exhortation: ‘Let all your deeds be done in charity.’ For love is better than fighting, and is stronger than swords. And yet, although there is a contrast here, there is also a sequence and connection. No doubt these exhortations, which are Paul’s last word to that Corinthian Church on whom he had lavished in turn the treasures of his manifold eloquence, indignation, argumentation, and tenderness, reflected the deficiencies of the people to whom he was speaking. They were schismatic and factious to the very core, and so they needed the exhortation to be left last in their ears, as it were, that everything should be done in love. They were ill-grounded in regard to the very fundamental doctrines of the faith, as all Paul’s argumentation about the resurrection proves, and so they needed to be bidden to ‘stand fast in the faith.’ Their slothful carelessness as to the discipline of the Christian life, and their consequent feebleness of grasp of the Christian verities, made them loose-braced and weak in all respects, and incapacitated them for vigorous warfare. Thus, we see a picture in these injunctions of the sort of community that Paul had to deal with in Corinth, which yet he called a Church of saints, and for which he loved and laboured. Let me then run over and try to bring out the importance and mutual connection of what I may call this drill-book for the Christian warfare, which is the Christian life.

…..The next two words of command are very closely connected, though not quite identical. ‘Quit you like men.Play a man’s part in the battle; strike with all the force of your muscles. But the Apostle adds, ‘be strong.’ You cannot play a man’s part unless you are. ‘Be strong’-the original would rather bear ‘become strong.’ What is the use of telling men to ‘be strong’ ? It is a waste of words, in nine cases out of ten, to say to a weak man, ‘Pluck up your courage, and show strength.’ But the Apostle uses a very uncommon word here, at least uncommon in the New Testament, and another place where he uses it will throw light upon what he means: ‘Strengthened with might by His Spirit in the inner man.’ Then is it so vain a mockery to tell a poor, weak creature like me to become strong, when you can point me to the source of all strength, in that ‘Spirit of power and of love and of a sound mind’ ? We have only to take our weakness there to have it stiffened into strength; as people put bits of wood into what are called ‘petrifying wells’ which infiltrate into them mineral particles, that do not turn the wood into stone, but make the wood as strong as stone. So my manhood, with all its weakness, may have filtered into it divine strength, which will brace me for all needful duty, and make me ‘more than conqueror through Him that loved us.’ Then, it is not mockery and cruelty, vanity and surplusage to preach ‘Quit you like men; be strong, and be a man’; because if we will observe the plain and not hard conditions, strength will come to us according to our day, in fulfilment of the great promises: ‘My grace is sufficient for thee; and My strength is made perfect in weakness.’

Benson Commentary

1 Corinthians 16:13-14. To conclude. Watch ye — Against all your seen and unseen enemies; stand fast in the faith — Seeing and trusting in Him that is invisible: quit you like men — With courage and patience; be strong To do and suffer his will. Let all your things be done with charity — Namely, your differences about worldly affairs, mentioned chap. 6., your disputes concerning marriage and a single state; (chap. 8.;) your eating things sacrificed to idols; (chapters 8., 10;) your eating the Lord’s supper; (chap. 11.;) and your method of exercising your gifts, chapters 12., 14. In all these ye ought to have a regard to the good of your neighbours, that ye may not occasion each other to sin.

Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary

16:13-18 A Christian is always in danger, therefore should ever be on the watch…

Barnes’ Notes on the Bible

Watch ye – The exhortation in this and the following verse is given evidently in view of the special dangers and temptations which surrounded them. The word used here (Γρηγορεῖτε Grēgoreite) means, to keep awake, to be vigilant, etc.; and this may, perhaps, be a military metaphor derived from the duty of those who are stationed as sentinels to guard a camp, or to observe the motions of an enemy. The term is frequently used in the New Testament, and the duty frequently enjoined; Matthew 24:41-42; Matthew 25:13; Mark 13:35; Luke 21:36; Acts 20:31; 1 Thessalonians 5:6; 2 Timothy 4:5. The sense here is, that they were to watch, or be vigilant, against all the evils of which he had admonished them, the evils of dissension, or erroneous doctrines, of disorder, of false teachers, etc. They were to watch lest their souls should be ruined, and their salvation endangered; lest the enemies of the truth and of holiness should steal silently upon them, and surprise them. They were to watch with the same vigilance that is required of a sentinel who guards a camp, lest an enemy should come suddenly upon them, and surprise the camp when the army was locked in sleep.Stand fast in the faith – Be firm in holding and defending the truths of the gospel. Do not yield to any foe, but maintain the truth, and adhere to your confidence in God and to the doctrines of the gospel with unwavering constancy; see the note at 1 Corinthians 15:1. Be firm in maintaining what you believe to be true, and in holding on to your personal confidence in God, notwithstanding all the arts, insinuations, and teachings of seducers and the friends of false doctrine.

Quit you like men – (ἀνδρίζεσθε andrizesthe, from ἀνήρ anēr, a man). The word occurs no where else in the New Testament. In the Septuagint it occurs in Joshua 1:6-7, Joshua 1:9,Joshua 1:18; 1 Chronicles 28:20; 2 Chronicles 32:7; Nehemiah 2:1; and in 18 other places. See Trommius’ Concordance. It occurs also in the classic authors; see Xenophon, Oec. Nehemiah 5:4. It means, to render one manly or brave; to show oneself a man; that is, not to be a coward, or timid, or alarmed at enemies, but to be bold and brave. We have a similar phrase in common use: “Be a man,” or “Show yourself a man;” that is, be not mean, or be not cowardly.

Be strong – Be firm, fixed, steadfast; compare Ephesians 6:10, “Be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might.”

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

13. He shows that they ought to make their hopes of salvation to depend not on Apollos or any other teacher; that it rests with themselves. “Watch ye”: for ye are slumbering. “Stand”: for ye are like men tottering. “Quit you like men; be strong”: for ye are effeminate (1Co 16:14). “Let all your things be done with charity” (1Co 8:1; 13:1): not with strifes as at present [Chrysostom]. “In the faith” which was assailed by some (1Co 15:1, 2, 12-17).

Matthew Poole’s Commentary

Watch ye: watching, in its usual acceptation, signifieth a forbearing of sleep; and that in order to some end. Sin is set out under the notion of sleep, Ephesians 5:14; so that spiritual watching signifies a diligent abstaining from sin, and from whatsoever may be to us a temptation to sin against God, in order to the perfecting of holiness, and the obtaining life and immortality.

Stand fast in the faith; be steady in the profession of the truth, and holding close to the doctrine of faith.

Quit you like men, be strong; you are as soldiers fighting against the world, the flesh, and the devil; do not behave yourselves like children, whom the least opposition will terrify and throw down; but like men, with a spiritual courage and fortitude, becoming such who have so good a Captain, and so good a cause.

Gill’s Exposition of the Entire Bible

quit yourselves like men, be strong; a like phrase is often used by the Septuagint interpreters, as in Deuteronomy 31:6, from whence the apostle seems to have taken it. It answers to the Hebrew word in Isaiah 46:8.

Quit you like men; like men of wisdom and understanding; be not like children for non-proficiency, instability, and weakness; see 1 Corinthians 14:20; act the part of men; believe not every spirit; be not carried and tossed about with every wind of doctrine; search the Scriptures, and try every doctrine by them; and having found what is truth abide by it, and be proficients in it, instructing and establishing yourselves and others. In which sense the Jews use this phrase, saying (b),

“in a place where there are no men, , “study to be a man”, or to show thyself a man;”

which one of their commentators (c) explains thus;

“use and accustom thyself to obtain excellent things, and afterwards when there are no wise men to teach, then do thou teach thyself.”

And another (d) after this manner;

“”in the place where there is no man” to sit at the head and teach doctrines,”

do thou. Or play the man, as in 2 Samuel 10:12; act like men of valour and courage, stand fast, keep your ground, and contend earnestly for the faith; be valiant for the truth on earth; fight the good fight of faith: it is a good cause believers are engaged in; they have a good Captain and Commander at the head of them; they are provided with good weapons, may be sure of victory, and of having the crown of righteousness, life, and glory: wherefore

be strong; that is, for the faith: so the Targumist on Jeremiah 9:3 renders the phrase, “they are not valiant for the truth, , they are not strong for the faith: be strong”; not in themselves, but in the Lord, and in the power of his might; in the grace that is in Christ Jesus; believe in him, look to him for strength as well as righteousness; trust in his power, whose arm is not shortened; depend on his grace, which is always sufficient; take heart, be of good courage, and fear no enemy; see Joshua 1:6, which seems to be particularly referred to here.

(b) Misn. Pirke Abot, c. sect. 5. Vid. T. Bab Beracot, fol. 63. 1.((c) Maimon. in Misn. ib. (d) Bartenora in Misn. Beracot, fol. 63. 1.

Meyer’s NT Commentary

1 Corinthians 16:13 f. In conclusion of the whole Epistle, and without connection or reference to what has immediately preceded, there is now added a concise exhortation which compresses closely together, in five imperatives following each other asyndetically, the whole sum of the Christian calling, upon which are then to follow some personal commendations and greetings, as well as, lastly, the proper closing greeting and the benediction.

[ἀνδρίζεσθαι] to bear oneself manfully, to be manly in bearing and action; only here in the New Testament, but often in classic writers, see Wetstein, and in the LXX. Comp. the Homeric ἀνέρες ἐστε, Il. v. 529; and see, also, Valckenaer, ad Herod. vii. 210; Heind. ad Plat. Phaedr. p. 239 B. Comp. ἀνδρικῶς ὑπομεῖναι μάχεσθαι κ.τ.λ., Ast, Lex. Plat. I. p. 165.

κραταιοῦσθε] be strong. Comp. Ephesians 3:16 : δυνάμει κραταιωθῆναι διὰ τοῦ πνεύματος αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν ἔσω ἄνθρωπον. The verbal form occurs in the LXX. and Apocrypha; not in Greek writers, who say κρατύνεσθαι.

ἐν ἀγάπῃ] as in the life-sphere of the whole Christian dispositions and action, chap. 13, and, in particular, of mutual edification, 1 Corinthians 8:1.

Expositor’s Greek Testament

1 Corinthians 16:13-18. § 59. CONCLUDING HOMILY. According to the Apostle’s wont, at the end of his letter he gathers up the burden of his message into a single concise and stirring exhortation (1 Corinthians 16:13 f.). Watchfulness, steadfastness, manly vigour, above all Christian love, were the qualities in which this Church was lacking. Their “love” they would have a particular opportunity of showing to the family of Stephanas, who had been foremost in works of benevolence (1 Corinthians 16:15 f.); for St. is now returning home in charge of this Ep. with his two companions, after they had brought the letter of the Church to P. and cheered him by their society. The deputation has done a timely public service in the best spirit; their kindly offices must be duly acknowledged (1 Corinthians 16:17 f.).

Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges

13. quit you like men, be strong] Rather, be strengthened, implying that the source of strength was not in themselves. “If you think Christianity a feeble, soft thing, ill adapted to call out the manlier features of character, read here.”—Robertson.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 13.Watch, etc. The brief impetuous imperatives show a sudden burst of emotion as he draws to a close. The next clause seems like an after-thought. Watchfulness (1 Thessalonians 5:6; 1 Peter 5:8; Revelation 3:2; Revelation 16:15), steadfastness (Philippians 1:27), and strength (Ephesians 6:10; Colossians 1:11; 2 Timothy 2:1), and love (1 Corinthians 13; 1 Peter 4:8, etc.) were frequent subjects of Christian exhortation. The verb which expresses Christian manliness (“Play the men!”) occurs here only. It is found in the LXX. of Joshua 1:6. They needed, as Chrysostom says, all these exhortations, for they were, in Christian matters, drowsy, unstable, effeminate, and factions.